He ranked in the Top 3 in the nation in assists per game each of his world university games basketball finland vs israel watch online three years and he was first nationally as a junior Aja was part of two outright MIVA regular-season championship squads and the team shared the title his junior campaign. The Dresden, Germany, native added a Big Ten Medal of Honor finalist recognition to her list of scholastic and athletic awards.
He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters.
After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums , he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a foot 3. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, and balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored; this proved inefficient, however, so the bottom of the basket was removed, allowing the balls to be poked out with a long dowel each time.
Old style basketball with laces Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball. These round balls from " association football " were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in.
Whereas in American football , the lace construction proved to be advantageous for gripping and remains to this day.
The first balls made specifically for basketball were brown, and it was only in the late s that Tony Hinkle , searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball that is now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates.
Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement.
Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. A further change was soon made, so the ball merely passed through.
Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got the most points won the game. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference; it had the additional effect of allowing rebound shots.
Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original first game, approached Naismith after the Christmas break, in early , asking him what he intended to call his new game. Naismith replied that he hadn't thought of it because he had been focused on just getting the game started.
Mahan suggested that it be called "Naismith ball", at which he laughed, saying that a name like that would kill any game.
Mahan then said, "Why not call it basketball? The game ended at 1—0; the shot was made from 25 feet 7. At the time, football was being played with 10 to a team which was increased to When winter weather got too icy to play football, teams were taken indoors, and it was convenient to have them split in half and play basketball with five on each side.
By — teams of five became standard. By , it was well established at several women's high schools. While the YMCA was responsible for initially developing and spreading the game, within a decade it discouraged the new sport, as rough play and rowdy crowds began to detract from the YMCA's primary mission.
However, other amateur sports clubs, colleges, and professional clubs quickly filled the void.
The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game.
This league only lasted five years. James Naismith was instrumental in establishing college basketball.
His colleague C. Naismith's disciple Amos Alonzo Stagg brought basketball to the University of Chicago , while Adolph Rupp , a student of Naismith's at Kansas, enjoyed great success as coach at the University of Kentucky. On February 9, , the first intercollegiate 5-on-5 game was played at Hamline University between Hamline and the School of Agriculture, which was affiliated with the University of Minnesota.
McGill won 9—7 in overtime; the score was 7—7 at the end of regulation play, and a ten-minute overtime period settled the outcome. A good turnout of spectators watched the game.
College basketball was rocked by gambling scandals from to , when dozens of players from top teams were implicated in match fixing and point shaving. High school basketball See also: List of U.
During the first decades of the 20th century, basketball quickly became the ideal interscholastic sport due to its modest equipment and personnel requirements. In the days before widespread television coverage of professional and college sports, the popularity of high school basketball was unrivaled in many parts of America.
Perhaps the most legendary of high school teams was Indiana's Franklin Wonder Five , which took the nation by storm during the s, dominating Indiana basketball and earning national recognition. Today virtually every high school in the United States fields a basketball team in varsity competition.
In the —17 season, , boys and girls represented their schools in interscholastic basketball competition, according to the National Federation of State High School Associations.
There is currently no tournament to determine a national high school champion. The most serious effort was the National Interscholastic Basketball Tournament at the University of Chicago from to The event was organized by Amos Alonzo Stagg and sent invitations to state champion teams.
The tournament started out as a mostly Midwest affair but grew. In it had 29 state champions. Faced with opposition from the National Federation of State High School Associations and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools that bore a threat of the schools losing their accreditation the last tournament was in The organizations said they were concerned that the tournament was being used to recruit professional players from the prep ranks.
The basis for the champion dwindled after when Brown v. Board of Education began an integration of schools.
The last tournaments were held at Alabama State College from to Drawing by Hugo Gellert. Teams abounded throughout the s.
There were hundreds of men's professional basketball teams in towns and cities all over the United States, and little organization of the professional game. Players jumped from team to team and teams played in armories and smoky dance halls.
Leagues came and went.