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Original: Oct 25, Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier when he became the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball after joining the Brooklyn Dodgers in Who Was Jackie Robinson? Robinson became the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball in the 20th century when he took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers in Throughout his decade-long career, Robinson distinguished himself as one of the game's most talented and exciting players, recording an impressive.
He was also a vocal civil rights activist. The youngest of five children, Robinson was raised in relative poverty by a single mother. He attended John Muir High School in Pasadena, California, and Pasadena Junior College , where he was an excellent athlete and played four sports: football, basketball, track and baseball.
He was named the region's Most Valuable Player in baseball in Robinson's older brother, Matthew Robinson, inspired Robinson to pursue his talent and love of athletics.
Matthew won a silver medal in the meter dash—just behind Jesse Owens —at the Olympic Games in Berlin. In , despite his athletic success, Robinson was forced to leave UCLA just shy of graduation due to financial hardship.
He moved to Honolulu, Hawaii, where he played football for the semi-professional Honolulu Bears. However, he never saw combat. During boot camp at Fort Hood, Texas, Robinson was arrested and court-martialed in for refusing to give up his seat and move to the back of a segregated bus.
Robinson's excellent reputation, combined with the efforts of friends, the NAACP and various black newspapers, shed public light on the injustice.
Ultimately he was acquitted of the charges and received an honorable discharge. His courage and moral objection to racial segregation were precursors to the impact Robinson would have in Major League Baseball.
The couple was married on February 10, Later in life, both Jackie and Rachel became actively involved in the civil rights movement.
Jackie and Rachel had three children together: Jack, Sharon and David. Rachel said that she and Jackie went to great lengths to create a nurturing home that sheltered their kids from racism. Their middle child, Sharon Robinson , is an author and consultant for Major League Baseball, while their youngest child, David Robinson, is a coffee farmer in Tanzania.
At the time, the sport was segregated, and African Americans and whites played in separate leagues. He joined the all-white Montreal Royals, a farm team for the Brooklyn Dodgers, in Robinson later moved to Florida to begin spring training with the Royals.
Rickey knew there would be difficult times ahead for the young athlete, and so made Robinson promise to not fight back when confronted with racism.
Rickey also personally tested Robinson's reactions to the racial slurs and insults he knew the player would endure.
Brooklyn Dodgers From the beginning of his career with the Dodgers, Robinson's will was tested. Some of his new teammates objected to having an African American on their team.
People in the crowds sometimes jeered Robinson, and he and his family received threats. Despite the racial abuse, particularly at away games, Robinson had an outstanding start with the Royals, leading the International League with a.
His successful year led to his promotion to join the Dodgers. Robinson played his first game at Ebbets Field for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, , making history as the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball in the 20th century.
The harassment continued, however, most notably by the Philadelphia Phillies and their manager, Ben Chapman. During one infamous game, Chapman and his team shouted derogatory terms at Robinson from their dugout. Many players on opposing teams threatened not to play against the Dodgers.
Even his own teammates threatened to sit out. But Dodgers manager Leo Durocher informed them that he would sooner trade them than Robinson. His loyalty to the player set the tone for the rest of Robinson's career with the team. In one incident, while fans harassed Robinson from the stands, Reese walked over and put his arm around his teammate, a gesture that has become legendary in baseball history.
In his first year, he batted. He continued to wow fans and critics alike with impressive feats, such as an outstanding. Robinson soon became a hero of the sport, even among former critics, and was the subject of the popular song, "Did You See Jackie Robinson Hit That Ball?
He had 3, hits, home runs, and 1, RBI's. Ripken is considered one of the best shortstops and third basemen in the history of baseball.
Jackie Robinson Stats An exceptional base runner, Robinson stole home 19 times in his career, setting a league record. In , he helped the Dodgers win the World Series.
Before he retired, he became the highest-paid athlete in Dodgers history.
Finally, in , he helped them achieve the ultimate victory: winning the World Series. After failing before in four other series matchups, the Dodgers beat the New York Yankees.
He helped the team win one more National League pennant the following season. He retired on January 5, After baseball, Robinson became active in business and continued his work as an activist for social change. He worked as an executive for the Chock Full O' Nuts coffee company and restaurant chain, and helped establish the African American-owned Freedom Bank.
In honor of his legacy, in the Dodgers retired his jersey number of Civil Rights Robinson was a vocal champion for African American athletes, civil rights and other social and political causes, serving on the board of the NAACP until In , he publicly called out the New York Yankees as a racist organization for not having broken the color barrier five years after he began playing with the Dodgers.
In his later years, Robinson continued to lobby for greater racial integration in sports. How Did Jackie Robinson Die?
He was 53 years old. The foundation helps young people in need by providing scholarships and mentoring programs. Green and co-starring Ruby Dee as Robinson's wife.
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|Who Was Jackie Robinson?||May 24, AP A new study of more than 6, former professional athletes found that National Football League players died at a rate that was almost 1. The findings, published Friday in JAMA Network Open , come amid growing concern about head trauma among current and former NFL players and their risk of developing the neurodegenerative disease CTE , or chronic traumatic encephalopathy.|